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19th Century Burial in Ireland IV

October 23, 2008

Conclusion and bibliography..

Conclusions

The excavations in the cemetery attached to the Union workhouse of Manorhamilton and the former Connaught Asylum yielded a substantial skeletal population sample that was statistically viable for osteological analysis and offered important information on demography, disease and diet in 19th century institutions. Although there is little evidence to date the burials in either case with much precision, it is reasonable to assume, from circumstantial evidence and the few material goods found with them that both burial grounds date from the mid to late nineteenth century, although in the latter case, this may have been a continuation of the use of an earlier cemetery. Osteological analysis in both cases reveals valuable information about a low socio-economic group, dominated and controlled by larger outside influences, and also illuminates a period, that is often ignored by Irish archaeology.

Bibliography

Anonymous, 1839-1844 (The Poor Law Commission of Ireland, unpublished) Manorhamilton Union Minute Book, Volume 1.

Anonymous, 1848-1849 (The Poor Law Commission of Ireland, unpublished) Manorhamilton Union Minute Book, Volume 3.

Anonymous, 1842-1860 (unpublished) Rough Minutes of the Boards of Guardians of Manorhamilton Workhouse

Egan, P. K., 1960 The Parish of Ballinasloe, its history from the earliest times to the present day. Clonmore and Reynolds. Dublin

Fibiger, L. 2002 Report on the Human Skeletal Remains from Creagh Junction, Ballinasloe, County Galway

Guinnane, T. W. & Ó Gráda, C.  2000  The Workhouses and Irish Famine Mortality.  Dublin:  UCD Department of Economics.

Lynch, L. G.  2001  Osteo-Archaeological Report on human skeletal remains excavated at St. John the Baptist, John Street, Sligo Town.   Unpublished Report,

Lynch, L. G. 2002 Osteo-archaeological report on human skeletal remains excavated at Our Lady’s Hospital, Manorhamilton, County Leitrim.  Unpublished report.

Mac Lochlainn, T 1971 Ballinasloe inniu agus inne. The story of a community over the past 200 years. Mac Lochlainn. Ballinasloe

Moore, D and Rogers T.V. 2002 Archaeological excavation at Our Lady’s Hospital, Manorhamilton, County Leitrim.  Unpublished report.

O’Connor, J 1995 The workhouses of Ireland, the fate of Ireland’s poor Anvil Books , Dublin

O’Dwyer F., 1995 Irish Hospital Architecture, a pictorial history, Gill and MacMillan, Dublin.

Ó Gráda, C. 1989 The great Irish famine Gill and Macmillan Ltd, Dublin

Ó Gráda, C. 1999 Black ’47 and beyond: the great Irish famine in history 1999 Princeton University Press

O’ Mahony, M. 2005 Famine in Cork City. Famine Life at Cork Union Workhouse. Cork: Mercier Press.

Ortner, D. J. & Putschar, W. G. J. 1981  Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains.  Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Reuber M., 1995 Moral Management and the ‘Unseen Eye’: Public Lunatic Asylums in Ireland 1800-1845 in Malcom E. and Jones G. (eds) Medicine, disease and the state of Ireland 1650-1940. Dublin

Rogers T.V. 2002 Archaeological excavation at Our Lady’s Hospital, Manorhamilton, County Leitrim, phase 2. Unpublished report.

Rogers T.V. 2003  Archaeological testing at Our Lady’s Hospital, Manorhamilton, County Leitrim Unpublished report.

Stuijts, I 2003 Wood Identifications Creagh Junction, Ballinasloe, County Galway and Manorhamilton, County Leitrim Unpublished report.

Taylor, G. & Skinner, A, 1777 Taylor and Skinner’s maps of the roads of Ireland, surveyed 1777. London.

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